Sociology/Sociology Questions Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
  In a situation in which one party to the dispute accepts the view-point of the other without giving up its own basic policies, this type of accommodation is known as-

1.Rationalisation

2.Toleration

3.Conversion

4.Compromise


Question:
 Any doctrine that seeks to explain a higher order phenomenon in terms of a lower order one would be called

1.Nominalism

2.Reductionism

3.Methodological individualism

4.Formalism


Question:
 Family in the medieval ages used to perform only

1. religious functioneconomic function

2.economic function

3.educational function

4.religious economic and educational functions


Question:
 Functionalism regards society as a system, which means Functionalism regards society as a system, which means

1.that the terms, society and system are inter changeable.

2.that the parts of society are discrete and isolated.

3.that society is the only example of a category called system.

4. that society is divided into a number of parts which are inter-connected.


Question:
 Gender stratification means

1. Stratification based on religious value

2. Stratification in terms of sexual difference

3.Class difference

4. Stratification based on caste system


Question:
 If a person physically assaults another, it is an example of

1. affective action

2. brave action

3.rational action

4. fearful action


Question:
 In open system of marriage, there is no ___________ marriage.

1.preferential

2.prohibitive

3.love

4.Levirate


Question:
 In our times one of the causes of weakness in kinship is:

1.heredity

2.weakness in cultural ties

3. living away from the relatives

4. losing effect of morality


Question:
 Joint family system gives support to

1. Widow marriage

2.Widower marriage

3.Child marriage

4. Late marriage


Question:
 The changes from occupational role to retirement role is known as —

1.Role-discontinuity

2.Role conflict

3.Transitional role

4.Role insulation


Question:
 The industrial system of production is distinguished from other systems on the basis of availability of

1.skilled labour

2.means of production

3.capital

4. inanimate source of energy


Question:
 The institution of marriage these days has come under the heaviest strain from

1. democratic institutions

2. urbanisation

3. religion

4.unreasonable attitude of men folk


Question:
 The matriarchal type of families grew because-

1. males were not interested in the family life

2.males were in small number

3. males were dominated by religious and cultural intelligence of goddess

4.males went out for bunting and collecting means for livelihood and thus were generally away from the family.


Question:
 The modern western kinship system is a _________ system.

1.narrow range

2.broad range

3.limited

4.flexible


Question:
 The Mundas, Santhals and Hos are identified as distinct tribes on the basis of their____ besides other attributes.

1.colour

2.dance

3.language

4.house pattern


Question:
 The narratives pass down in oral transmission is termed as

1.legend

2.folkways

3. folklore

4.none of the above


Question:
 The process under which one culture merges itself with the other is called-

1.Adaptation

2.Accommodation

3.Assimilation

4.Acculturation


Question:
 The word ‘family’ has been derived from the word ‘famulus’ which is

1.Latin

2.Greek

3.Roman

4.Spanish


Question:
 Tick the right one

1. The social stratification theory of Marx and Weber are identical

2.Weber concentrates on class, party and status, while Marx concentrates on class only

3.Weber has not said anything on social stratification

4.Weber’s theory is based on caste, while Marx’s theory is on class


Question:
 Vertical social mobility experienced by a family lineage over the course of two or more generations, is called

1.Co-lateral mobility

2.Procedural mobility

3. Inter-generational social mobility

4.Scale mobility


Question:
 What is not applicable to social functions of group life?

1.It checks irrational actions of the people

2.It helps in evolving a code of conduct

3. It helps in appreciating requirements of the others

4. It helps in promoting sense of exclusiveness among members of the group


Question:
 Which of the following is true of accommodation but does not apply to adaptation?

1.It is more concerned with biology

2.It is a social phenomenon

3.It is an evolutionary process

4. It is an outcome of natural competition


Question:
 Which one of the following is not a significant feature of accommodation?

1. It is an unconscious process

2. It is a never ending process

3.It is a conscious process

4.It is needed at all levels


Question:
 Which one of the following is not functional problem of social structure?

1.pattern of maintenance

2.adaptation

3.environment

4.integration


Question:
 Who has distinguished between ‘primary deviation and secondary deviation’?

1.Walter Miller

2.Edwin Lemert

3.Becker

4.Henry Mckay


Question:
 Who has said “culture is life expressing itself in valuations and in styles”?

1. R.M. Maclver

2. Dewey J.

3.M.R. Gardner

4.G.S. Ghurye


Question:
 Who understood religion as ‘a propitiation or conciliation of powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and human life’?

1. Sir James Frazer

2. Emile Durkheim

3.Bronislaw Malinowski

4.Karl Marx


Question:
 Whose statement is this?

‘A social relationship will be called ‘communal’ in and so far as the orientation of social action – whether in the individual case, on the average, or in the pure type, is based on a subjective feeling of the parties, whether effectual or traditional, that they belong together. A social relationship will be called ‘associative’ if the orientation of social action within it rests on a rationally motivated adjustment of interest?

1. T. Parsons

2. K. Marx

3.M. Weber

4.F. Tonnies


Question:
 ‘Franks’ were inhabitants of

1.Northern Alps

2.Rocky mountains

3.Indes mountains

4. Mount Fiji


Question:
. Socialisation takes place through various motivational processes which may be called too___________ of socialization.

1.Ends

2.Mechanisms

3.Modes

4.Elements


Question:
A family remained an economic unit of production before

1. the Muslim rule in India

2.the communist revolution of soviet Russia

3.India became free

4. The industrial revolution


Question:
A little boy pushes out his undeveloped belly and pompously swings an imaginary club in copy of the policeman who walks past his house every day. Which of the following explains this best?

1. Role set

2.Role playing

3.Role

4.Socialization


Question:
A person who participates in a group without ever becoming a member of that group is called

1.Marginal man

2.Distance man

3.Distant man

4.Symbolic man


Question:
A view of sociology which emphasises the importance of the analysis of the form of a social relationship and the comparative study of cases which differ whilst the form remains constant is:

1.Formalism

2.Symbolic interactionism

3.Comparative sociology

4.Synthetic view of sociology


Question:
Absorption of culture is similar to

1.Integration

2.Assimilation

3.Adjustment

4.Accommodation


Question:
According to functionalist school of thought human nature is just like

1.natural gas

2.water

3.mirror

4.wax


Question:
According to Levi Strauss, no society is _________ if by that, total neglect of one side in favour of the other is implied.

1.bilateral

2.unilateral

3.patrilineal

4.matrilineal


Question:
According to ____, deviance has certain positive functions to perform.

1.Durkheim

2.John Bowlby

3.Merton

4.Malinowski


Question:
After marriage come the children’. This statement signifies

1.Post-nuptial stage

2.Formative stage

3.Nuptial stage

4.Pre-nuptial stage


Question:
An acephalous society is one in which

1. members have low intelligence

2. there is no formal head

3.there is no political system

4. anarchy prevails


Question:
An extended family may be defined as-

1.a family in which all brothers, their wives and children live together

2. a family in which only elder brother, his wife and his bachelor brothers live together

3.a family which is extended due to social upliftment

4.a family extended due to legal injecture


Question:
Attributes of objects, events or things which can be measured are called:

1.data

2.qualitative measure

3.variables

4. None of the above


Question:
Children of the same parents are called___________.

1.offsprings

2.cousins

3.brothers

4.siblings


Question:
Consanguineous kinship is the one which is between:

1.mother-in-law and father-in-law

2.uncle and nephew

3.husband and wife

4. lover and beloved


Question:
During our freedom struggle some of our leaders could bring politics near to our people because:

1.They reminded the people of India about their past glory

2.They were rich and the people were afraid of them

3.They had been educated abroad and masses loved them

4. They led western life style


Question:
For Weber, all human action is directed by

1. individual

2.rationality

3.meaning and motive

4.society


Question:
Hippie culture is an example of-

1. deviant sub-culture

2.western influence

3.drug-addiction

4.escapism


Question:
Identify the school to which the following sociologists belong – Max Horkheimer, Herbert Marcuse, Freidrich Pollock, Karl Wittfogel, Leo, Lowenthal, and J. Habermas.

1.Formal school

2.Frankfurt school

3. Synthetic school

4.Chicago school


Question:
In a positively skewed distribution the value of:

1.Mean is maximum

2.Mode is maximum

3.Mean and mode are same

4. None of the above


Question:
In any research one should:

1.know everything in the area without bothering to learn the details if any

2. know more and more about less and less in certain specific sub areas

3. not try out anything blindly but wait until a sudden flash appears in his mind

4.None of the above


Question:
Individual Extreme values cannot influence:

1.Median

2.Mean

3.Average

4.None of the above


Question:
Individuals are unlikely to have high levels of political participation if they believe that the outcome of events will be satisfactory without their involvement. Who has suggested this?

1.C.W. Mills

2.R. Dahl

3.B. Wilson

4.Lester Milbrath


Question:
Joint family system is on the decline- Which one of the following is NOT the main cause for its disintegration?

1. There is change from agricultural to industrial economy

2.There is increased western influence

3.There is increased pressure on land

4. There is increased agricultural production


Question:
Not only individuals but also whole groups may experience upward or down ward mobility. This phenomenon may be called

1. Caste mobility

2.Occupational mobility

3.Group mobility

4. Societal mobility


Question:
Stating that only particular races are capable of making culture, other have to survive as parasites, is to reinforce the values of:

1.Racial inequality

2.Biological inequality

3.Racial capabilities

4.Cultural relativism


Question:
The area in which similar cultural traits are found may be called as

1.cultural state

2. cultural region

3.cultural area

4.cultural territory


Question:
The average weekly wages of a group of 50 workers were Rs.400. It was later discovered that two entries were misread as Rs.230 and Rs.140 instead of Rs.320 and Rs.410. The correct average is:

1.Rs.409.3

2.Rs.407.2

3.Rs.395.6

4.Rs.409.7


Question:
The characteristics of peasant societies was outlined by

1.M.N. Srinivas

2.P.C. Joshi

3.Theodore Shanin

4. Henry Maine


Question:
The concept of urban recycling refers to

1.pollution control mechanisms

2. relocation of industries in the city

3.renovation of old buildings and construction of new units

4. relocation of the city at another site


Question:
The Industrial Revolution in England took place through

1.wool industry

2.mining industry

3. cotton industry

4.lumbering industry


Question:
The instance of joking relationship has been reported from-

1.Vedda tribe of Ceylon

2.Nuers of Sudan

3. Matrilineal Hopi

4.Andaman Islanders


Question:
The institution of marriage cannot come to an end because-

1.It performs the basic function of procreation of children

2.The people have become more romantic

3.The people desire to lead a family life

4.Every state feels that the people must marry


Question:
The principle of social change for the interpretation of the synchronous changes of diverse human life was used by:

1.Kroeber

2. F.S. Chapin

3.Oswald Spengler

4. None of the above


Question:
The regular movement of pastoral nomads with their livestock in search of fresh pastorage may be termed as

1.Migration

2.Exodus

3.Transhumance

4.Movement


Question:
The regular movement of pastoral nomads with their livestock in search of fresh pastorage may be termed as

1.Migration

2.Exodus

3.Transhumance

4.Movement


Question:
The relatives by marriage are called___________.

1.tertiary kin

2.primary kin

3.secondary kin

4.affinal kin


Question:
The term denotes thought and action which are conscious in accord with the rules of logic and empirical knowledge, where objective are coherent, mutually consistent and achieved by the most appropriate means. Which term is referred to here?

1.Behaviour pattern

2.Rationality

3.Empiricism

4.Methodology


Question:
The urban conditions of life and the extreme division of labour has made possible the

1.Ascription of status

2. Institutionalization of status

3.Achievement of status

4.Status comparison


Question:
Under_______ system, material happiness is given primary importance whereas under______________ system spiritual happiness is regarded more important.

1.Marxist, Idealistic

2. Sensate, Ideational

3.Ideational, Idealistic

4. Sensate, Idealistic


Question:
Vandls and Moors were found in

1.Indonesia

2.Ethiopia

3.North Africa

4. North America


Question:
Weber’s concept of power is

1.Idealistic’ power

2. ‘Idiosyncratic’ power

3.‘Zero-Sum’ power

4.Rationalistic’ power


Question:
What is a patriarchal family?

1.A family which is looked after by the father of the children

2. A family in which a child bears his father’s family name

3.A family in which the inclusive powers are with the male head of the family

4. A family based on the concept of fraternity


Question:
When in kinship special role is given to father’s sister, the system is known as:

1.amitate

2.couvade

3.avunclate

4.avoidance


Question:
When inherent superiority of a people over another is legitimised in terms of biological attributes, it is called

1.racism

2.ethnicity

3.society

4.cultural pride


Question:
When role occupants divide themselves into subgroups, the latter:

1.live shorter life than the individual members

2.live longer life than the individual members

3.has as much life as the individual members

4. has nothing to do with the life of individual members


Question:
Which book has a good account of the influence of factions, caste and other forces upon state politics?

1. Social structure

2. Factional politics in an Indian state. The congress party in Uttar Pradesh

3.Indian social structure

4.Caste and politics: A case study of Tamil Nadu Assembly


Question:
Which is correct?

1.Sibs are generally exogamous and therefore a family contains members of several sibs.

2. Sibs are generally endogamous and therefore a family contains members of several sibs

3.Sibs are generally endogamous and therefore a family contains members of one sib

4. Sibs are generally exogamous and therefore a family contains members of one sib


Question:
Which of the following is not the basis for natural inequality?

1.Colour

2.Education

3.Race

4.Gender


Question:
Which one of the following is not needed for the working of an association?

1.There should be group of people

2.The people should be well-organised

3.They should observe code of conduct

4.They should have common ideology


Question:
Which one of the following is true of institution but not of community?

1.It has spontaneous origin

2.It has concern with society as a whole

3.It has no spontaneous origin

4.It deals with social life of the people


Question:
Which one of the following refers to the capacity to take independent action in the face of resistance and confrontation?

1.Self-esteem

2.Power

3.Authority

4.Influence


Question:
Whilst those who own and control the forces of production, including labour, may have a rational perception of the relationship be­tween their, aims and the ways of accom­plishing them, those who are subordinate do not.’ Which concept do you think is im­plied in the above statement of Karl Marx?

1.Alienation

2.Praxis

3.False consciousness

4.Social revolution


Question:
Who defined family in this way?

The family is a group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood, or adoption; con­stituting a single household, interacting and intercommunicating with each other in their respective social role of husband and wife, mother and father, brother and sister; creating a common culture’-

1.L. H. Morgan

2.MacIver and Page

3.E.W. Burgess and H. J. Locke

4.Park and Burgess


Question:
Who do you think has been responsible for the most extensive use of the term in sociology?

In British sociology L.T. Hobhouse incorporated the notion of rationality in its widest sense into his theory of human development as an organic principle which harmonised all aspects of individual and social life.

1.Marx Weber

2. W.G. Sumner

3.Karl Marx

4.Talcott Parsons


Question:
Who had mentioned five mechanisms of socialization, viz., reinforcement, extinction inhibition, substitution, imitation and identification?

1.Radcliffe Brown

2.Nadel

3.Parsons

4.Merton


Question:
Who has written the book “The White Umbrella – Indian Political thought from Manu to Gandhi”?

1.B.R. Ambedkar

2. Jyotiba Phule

3. D.M. Brown

4.Mountbatten


Question:
Who introduced the term kinship for consanguineal relationships, and distinguished it from affinal relationships?

1.B. Malinowski

2.A.R. Radcliffe Brown

3.S.F. Nadel

4.Kroeber


Question:
Who of the following has said that “A social role is pattern of behaviour expected of an individual in certain group or situation”?

1.Maclver

2.K. Young

3.Kingsley Davis

4. Lundberg


Question:
Who of the following is of the view that in sociological parlance an institution is net of folk ways and mores?

1.Ginsberg

2. H. E. Barnes

3.Maxwell

4.Gillin and Gillin


Question:
Who _____ incorporated the ‘cultural transmission approach’ into Merton’s theory of anomie and sought to provide a coherent framework for the analysis of deviant behaviour?

1.John Bowlby

2. Cesare Lombroso

3.Richard Cloward

4.Albert Cohen


Question:
_ refer to those rewards, objectives and ambitions which the individual is encouraged to regard as worthwhile ends through socialization.

1.Cultural goals

2.Material goals

3.Spiritual goals

4.Ethical goals


Question:
__ are repeated offenders who neither learn to avoid detection nor are deterred from committing further offences either by conviction or the sentences they receive

1.Juvenile Delinquents

2.Criminals

3.Recidivists

4.Terrorists


Question:
__ says that “avoidance” is a mechanism to preserve peace.

1.Tylor

2.Tumey-High

3. Frazer

4.Freud


Question:
___ is primarily a means of regularising sex relations.

1.Family

2.Marriage

3.Incest taboo

4.Kinship


Question:
______ tends to reinforce individual’s own particular role perspective and decrease his understanding of others’ points of view.

1. Ethnocentrism

2.Role-insulation

3.Ethical role

4.Role-model


Question:
‘Cultural ethos’ stands for

1.The world – view of society

2.The world – view of a people

3.The world – view of culture

4.The world-view of transaction


Question:
“In tribal life the principal links for the whole society are based on Kinship,” Whose opinion is this?

1. Mandelbaum

2. Lucy Mair

3.Evans Petchand

4. Radcliffe Brown


Question:
“Social institutions are sets of organised human relationship; established by common will” was said by-

1.C.H. Cooley

2. E. A. Ross

3.Kingsely Davis

4.Sheriff and Sheriff


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