Sociology-Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination SET / 1 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 A field of study that acknowledges that culture and learning affect human behaviour, although its central hypothesis is that many adaptive behaviours are linked to genetic characteristics is

1.Culturology

2.Cultural biology

3.Sociobiology

4.Ethnology


Question:
 A residence area characterized by structural decay, overcrowding, lack of recreational space and neglect of neighbourhood facilities is called

1. Middle town

2.Worker’s residents

3.Slums

4.Zone in transition


Question:
 Arguing with Weber, who has said that communist bureaucracy is as privileged as the capitalist class, on the basis of its monopoly of power?

1.M. Djilas

2.R. Dahrendorf

3.K. Marx

4.Marshal Sahlens


Question:
 Based on the 1981-91 decennial growth rate of population, states with the highest and the lowest growth rates are respectively

1.Arunachal Pradesh and Goa

2.Nagaland and Kerala

3.Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala

4. Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu


Question:
 Beginning of new norms is usually due to:

1.unhappy family relations

2.resentment against existing socio-economic

3.deviant behaviour of few individuals

4. outdated educational system


Question:
 Belief in Mana has been brought out as an important factor in the origin of the caste system in India by

1.Hutton

2.lbbetson

3.Nesfield

4.Risley


Question:
 Culture is a __________ heritage of man:

1.Individual

2.Cultural

3.Social

4.None of the above


Question:
 Fill in the blanks. Inheritance rules therefore tend to indicate the________ a person has towards____

1. Obligations, relatives

2.Rights, sons only

3.Obligations, eldest son

4.Rights, eldest son


Question:
 In a frequency distribution the last cumulative frequency is 300, Median shall lie in:

1.140th item

2.150th item

3.160th item

4.130th item


Question:
 In rural society even now a family is like:

1.A society

2.A community

3. A group

4.An association


Question:
 Which among the following tribes/castes has high standard and rate of marriage stability?

1.Nayars

2.Ho

3.Muria

4.Kharia


Question:
 Which one of the following measures of fertility can be computed from date on sex and age alone from a single census?

1.Child-woman ratio

2.Total fertility rate

3.Crude birth rate

4.Age specific fertility rate


Question:
 Who has codified and systematized functional analysis in terms of contemporary sociological theory __________?

1.Merton

2.Parsons

3.Davis

4.Moore


Question:
 Who has codified and systematized functional analysis in terms of contemporary sociological theory __________?

1.Merton

2.Parsons

3.Davis

4.Moore


Question:
 ‘Pattern variables’ are________ in number

1.six

2.four

3.five

4.three


Question:
. Some form of ranking is universal and so presents in all societies including primitive societies. This observation is made by

1.E. Durkheim

2.K. Marx

3.M. Weber

4.Marshal Sahlins


Question:
. Which of the following factors, according to Durkheim, obstruct changeover from mechanical to organic solidarity?

1. Anomie

2. Inadequate organisation

3. Inequality of opportunities

Select the correct answer from the codes given below-

Codes:

1.1 and 2

2. 2 and 3

3. 1 and 3

4.1, 2 and 3


Question:
17. Concentric zones pattern of city growth was propounded by

1.Max Weber

2.Homer Whyte

3.Park and Burgess

4.Marris and Ulman


Question:
A group is said to be a ‘broad range’ or narrow range’, according to the number of persons it includes-

1. family

2.clan

3.bilateral descent

4.kinship


Question:
A group is said to be a ‘broad range’ or narrow range’, according to the number of persons it includes-

1. family

2.clan

3.bilateral descent

4.kinship


Question:
A Muslim can marry ________ wives at a time.

1. two

2.three

3.four

4. six


Question:
About social deviant behaviour it is believed that:

1. it has direct relationship with family atmosphere

2.family atmosphere has nothing to do with it

3.it has indirect relationship with parent-child relationship

4.none of the above statement is true


Question:
After Marx, the concept of alienation began more and more to be regarded as a socio-psychological condition of the individual. Who in this context isolated the concept of alienation into powerlessness, meaninglessness, normlessness, isolation and self-estrangement?

1.Eric Fromm

2.R. Blauner

3.M. Seeman

4.R. K. Merton


Question:
Agriculture was evolved independently in Southeastern, South-western Asia and the New World. This is an example of:

1.Diffusion

2.Covergent evolution

3. Sub-culture

4.Culture area


Question:
Anomic arises due to:

1.normless confusion in norms

2. rigidity of norms

3.group harshnes

4.individual strictness


Question:
Choose the answer by using code to iden­tify Malinowski’s work:

1. ‘Crime and Custom in Savage Society’

2. ‘Argonants of Western Pacific

3. ‘Magic Science, Religion and Other Es­says’

4. Sex and Repression

1.1, 2

2.2 only

3.1, 2, 3, 4

4.1, 2, 4


Question:
Deviant behaviour of one generation:

1. is usually same for the other generation as well

2.can become norm for the other generation

3. is usually norm of another generation

4.cannot become norm of another generation


Question:
Female headed family are frequent among

1.agricultural communities

2.industrial communities

3.semi-nomadic pastoral communities

4. post-industrial communities


Question:
George Hasen has classified group as

1.competitive, conflicting, cooperative

2.unsocial, pseudo-social, antisocial, pro- social

3.organising, unorganised, pseudo- organised

4. socializing, internalizing, reference


Question:
Given below are the definitions of some forms of religion and magic. In these items one or more of the answers given may be correct. Decide which are correct and mark your answer sheet according to the codes given below –

(1) Religion is the result of intellectual speculation of the primitive man


(2) Animatism is a belief in the existence of material and natural force which resides in matter

(3) Animism is a belief in spirits residing in animate and inanimate objects

(4) Magical processes are the outcome of logical thinking and they aim at pleasing the deities

Codes:

1. 1 and 3

2. 2 and 4

3.2 only

4. 4 only


Question:
Identify the sociologist-

A social system basically consists of two or more individuals interacting directly or in­directly in a bounded situation. However, a more specific definition of social system has been given by a noted sociologist, who de­fines it as consisting in ‘a plurality of indi­vidual actor interacting with each other in a situation which has at least a physical or environmental aspect, actors who are moti­vated in terms of a tendency to the “optimi­zation of gratification” and whose relations to their situations including each other is defined and mediated in terms of a system of culturally structured and shared sym­bols.’-

1.A. M. Henderson

2.Ralf Dahrendorf

3.Talcott Parsons

4.Max Weber


Question:
If a person is related to ‘ego’ directly, then he is ego’s_____

1.secondary kin

2.direct kin

3.primary kin

4. first kin


Question:
In India the institution of family has a trend towards:

1.Joint family

2.Single family

3.Patriarchal family

4.Matriarchal family


Question:
In our modern society which one of the following is not relevant factor in status?

1.Extent of distribution of rewards

2.Hereditary position of the ancestors

3.Accumulated wealth

4.Influence in administration


Question:
Khuntkatti Land system, which is joint holdings by khunts or tribal lineage were found in

1.Khasa

2.Munda

3.Bhil

4.Gond


Question:
Malinowski’s study of the Trobriand Island clearly shows that the prestige and power are related to the

1.Redistribution of wealth

2.Dissemination of knowledge

3.Mastery over boat making

4.Good at fishing


Question:
Maori’ tribes were found in

1.Australia

2.New Zealand

3.Brazil

4.Canada


Question:
Maori’ tribes were found in

1.Australia

2.New Zealand

3.Brazil

4.Canada


Question:
Marriage alliance between three or more persons is called

1.Polyandry

2.Trigamy

3.Polygamy

4.Exogamy


Question:
Naotia tribes are inhabitant of?

1.Tripura

2.Sikkim

3.Dadar

4.Andaman


Question:
Net reproduction rate (NRR) is equal to one – A stagnant population

1.traditional practices

2.maternal malnutrition

3.female illiteracy

4.insufficient health care


Question:
Organised Social Life emerges from

1.social organisation

2.social interaction

3. social culture

4.social group


Question:
Physical theory about socially deviant behaviour makes one believe that:

1.all types of bodies are equally receptive to deviant behaviour.

2.no body is inclined towards deviant behaviour

3.some bodies are more exposed to deviant behaviour than the others

4.some type of bodies will be receptive to deviant behaviour in the same manner


Question:
Primary groups are __________ whereas secondary groups are_______:

1.Non-contractual, Non-economic

2.Relationship-directed, goal-oriented

3.Formal, spontaneous

4.Non-political, Ideal


Question:
Raymond Aron treats this American concept of class presented by L. Warner as

1.Attributional

2.Interactional

3.Functional

4.Structural


Question:
Recent sociological studies of property in industrial society have been largely concerned with two aspects. Which are these two?

1. The distribution of property and its social effects

2. Mode of production

3. Relation of production

4. The ownership and control of industrial enterprises in modern capitalism.

1. 1 and 3

2.1 and 4

3.2 and 3

4.3 and 4


Question:
Status is essential-

1.For an individual only

2.For the society as a whole

3.Neither for the individual nor for the society

4.Both for the individual and the society


Question:
Step deviation method to estimate arithmetic mean can be applied only when:

1.it is a discrete series

2.it is an individual series we are examining

3.it is continuous series

4.deviations are divisible by a common factor


Question:
System of ’gerentocracy’ in tribals separated the

1.Old from young

2.Un-married youth from much married, polygynous elders.

3.Much powerful old with obedient youth

4.Economically rich and active youth with non-active and poor old


Question:
System of ’gerentocracy’ in tribals separated the

1.Old from young

2.Un-married youth from much married, polygynous elders.

3.Much powerful old with obedient youth

4.Economically rich and active youth with non-active and poor old


Question:
The bond between the blood relatives is called-

1.affinal kinship

2.consanguineal kinship

3.primary kinship

4.secondary kinship


Question:
The book ‘Caste in Indian Politics’ is written by

1.M.N. Srinivas

2.F.G. Bailey

3.Rajni Kothari

4.Andre Beteille


Question:
The book ‘Caste in Indian Politics’ is written by

1.M.N. Srinivas

2.F.G. Bailey

3.Rajni Kothari

4.Andre Beteille


Question:
The book ‘The Modernity of Tradition political Development in India’ is written by

1. Rudolph and Rudolph

2.M.N. Sriniva

3. F.G. Bailey

4. A. Beteille


Question:
The concept of ‘Cumulative Inequality’ is propounded by

1.Andre Beteille

2.M.N. Srinivas

3. Louis Dumont

4.Makimm Marriott


Question:
The concept of ‘reference-group’ was first given by:

1.Hayman

2. Merton

3.Sorokin

4.Robert Bierstod


Question:
The difference between the number of people coming into the area and those going out of that area is called

1. volume of migration

2.natural migration

3.net migration

4. gross migration


Question:
The formula for the calculation of the Mode is:

1. Mode = 3 Mean – 2 Median

2.Mode = 2 Mdn. – 2 Mean

3.Mode = 3 Mdn. – 2 Mean

4.Mode = 4 Mdn. – 3 Mean


Question:
The mean monthly salary paid to all employees of a company is Rs.5000. The mean monthly salary paid to male and female employees is Rs.5,250 and Rs.4,000 respectively. The percentage of females in total employees is:

1.60 percent

2.10 percent

3.20 percent

4.40 percent


Question:
The sum of deviations taken from actual arithmetic mean is:

1.zero

2.infinite

3.positive

4. negative


Question:
The system under which woman can marry more than one husband and keep all of them with herself is known as-

1.polyandrous

2.polygamous

3.patronymic

4.procreation


Question:
Those aspects of social life that have to do with order, stability, and social organization that allow societies and groups to hold together and endure are called:

1.social statics.

2.social dynamics.

3. social absolutes.

4.constructed reality.


Question:
Warner’s study of American class structure is close to

1. Marx’s class structure

2.Weber’s status group

3.D.P. Mukerjee’s class approach

4.Veblen’s conspicuous consumption


Question:
What is a matrilocal family?

1.A family in which the wife is chosen from the local caste

2.A family in which the wife is chosen from the local village

3. A family in which the husband lives at his wife’s parent’s house

4.A family belonging to one locality


Question:
When a slum is inhabited largely or exclusively by persons of a single ethnic or racial group, it may be called a

1.Concentration

2.Locality

3.Domination

4.Ghetto


Question:
When one woman marriages several men at a time, the form of marriage is called_______

1.polygamy

2.polygyny

3.polyandry

4.monogamy


Question:
Which among the following is most isolated tribe of India?

1.Sentinelese

2.Kadar

3.Apatanis

4.Sherdukpens


Question:
Which among the following statements is not correct?

1.In past communities used to be self-sufficient, politically, socially or economi­cally.

2.No community can be self-sufficient these days

3.No community can be self-sufficient these days

4.The term community denotes almost uniformly and permanently shared lives of people over a definite range.


Question:
Which of the following does not hold true of the crowd?

1.There is no question of maintaining discipline

2.There is definite motive of the crowd

3.There is no definite motive of the crowd

4.No efforts are made to maintain interest of the people


Question:
Which of the following explains about the status of religion in rural society is not cor­rect?

1.Village economy is dependent on na­ture

2.Religious outlook dominates other as­pects of rural life

3.The priestly class does not succeed much in influencing the educated and scientifically awakened people

4.Religion occupies a core place in all the activities of rural life


Question:
Which of the following is an essential function of family according to Maclver?

1.Stable satisfaction of sexual need

2.Production of rearing of children

3.Provision of a home

4.All of the above


Question:
Which of the following is not one of the criticisms against sociology having its own subject matter?

1. Sociology is merely a mixture of varied studies disciplines having social content

2. The subject matter of sociology is disintegrated into various other social sciences

3. Subject matter of sociology has been derived from many social sciences

4.The subject matter of sociology is a part of society.


Question:
Which of the following is not the characteristic of competition?

1. It is found among all the species

2. It is an inborn tendency

3.It differs in degree from one society to the other

4. Its degree is determined by social values


Question:
Which of the following is NOT the characteristic of family?

1.It is based on mating relationship

2.It is essentially based on duration of the marriage

3.It pre-supposes institution of marriage

4.Each family has some nomenclature


Question:
Which of the following is not the difference between a primary and a secondary group?

1.In primary group size is small whereas in secondary group it is large

2.In primary group members are spread in limited area whereas in secondary group over vast area

3. In primary group relationship between the members is indirect whereas in secondary group it is direct

4. In primary group members cooperate spontaneously whereas that is not the case with secondary group


Question:
Which of the following is not true of competition?

1.It is entirely un-restricted

2. It aims at banishing or destroying the enemy

3.It is not coercion

4.It helps in the elimination of force of fraud


Question:
Which one of the following factors is not responsible for cultural Jag?

1.Religion

2.Laws

3.Political upheavals

4.Traditionalism


Question:
Which one of the following has not been characterised as a negative function of competition by H.T. Mazumdar?

1. It may lead to neurosis

2.It may lead to monopoly

3.It may lead to conflicts

4. It may lead to social disharmony


Question:
Which one of the following is not a true statement about competition?

1.It enhances one’s ego

2.It enhances one’s ego

3.It prevents undue concentration of powers

4.It creates respect for rules of the game


Question:
Which one of the following is not an important function of competition? It helps-

1. In determining the status of an individual in the hierarchy

2.To stimulate economy

3.In promoting monopoly conditions

4. In inventiveness


Question:
Which one of the following is not relevant to status?

1.It helps in specialisation of functions

2.It is essential for promotion of responsibility

3. It is needed for balanced personality development

4. It helps in developing honesty and integrity.


Question:
Which one of the following is NOT the characteristic of family?

1. It can be reckoned either from male or female like

2.In it the head of the family is expected to meet economic needs of the members

3.In it there need not be common habitation

4. It can consist of any type of marriage


Question:
While analysing the development of ‘self’ who has used the concept ‘significant others’?

1.Maclver

2. Cooley

3.Mead

4.Giddings


Question:
Who called magic as the ‘bastard sister’ of science?

1.Tylor

2.Frazer

3.Marret

4.Malinowski


Question:
Who called magic as the ‘bastard sister’ of science?

1.Tylor

2.Frazer

3.Marret

4.Malinowski


Question:
Who has categorised groups on the basis of their relations to other groups?

1.E.A. Ross

2.Mauss

3.Fairchild

4.George Hasen


Question:
Who has defined marriage as “a ‘contract’ for the production and maintenance of children”?

1.Malinowski

2. Westermarck

3.Murdock

4. Tylor


Question:
Who has propounded the multiple centre pattern in 1945?

1.Morris and Ulman

2.Robert Redfield

3.Toynbee

4.Louis Wirth


Question:
Who has said in relevance to status that, “Every society, no matter how simple or complex, must differentiate persons in terms of both prestige and esteem.”

1.Ginsberg

2. Gillin and Gillin

3.Kingsley Davis

4.Merton


Question:
Who of the following has said about herd that ‘It is not mode of life but an incident, an eruption, sometimes a disturbance of an established social pattern’?

1.Gillin and Gillin

2.K. Young

3.Kingsley Davis

4.Maclver


Question:
Who of the following is the author of the book entitled ‘The Decline of the West’?

1.Oswald Spengler

2.R.M. Maclver

3.Nimkoff and Ogbum

4.Arnold J. Toynbee


Question:
Who was the person, who deliberated upon the above views?

He introduced the distinction between the law of public delicts and the law of private delict which allowed for a sociological dis­cussion of the different types of sanctions aroused by offences of each type, even when the actual offence may in one society be so­cially regarded as of a different category from that in another. Murder for instance is a public delict in modern western societies but among some people it is private delict-

1.R. Brown

2.B. Malinowski

3.Maclver

4.Anthony Giddens


Question:
_ are in short, rules that you know without knowing that you know them.

1.Implicit norm

2.Explicit norm

3.Culture

4.Customs


Question:
_ has provided a comprehensive historical account of conflict theory beginning with Kautilya’s Arthashashtra?

1.Martindale

2.M.N. Srinivas

3. A.R. Desai

4.D P. Mukherjee


Question:
____ is the rule that restricts marriages to persons outside of specific groups.

1.Exogamy

2.Endogamy

3. Incest taboo

4.Levirate


Question:
____ treats functionalism as a perspective which stops the motions of the system at a fixed point of time.

1.Alex Inkles

2. Bottomore

3.Coser

4.Dahrendorf


Question:
_____ refers to formally designated position in a group with officially specified rights and duties.

1.Formal status

2. Legal status

3.Role-making

4.Functional status


Question:
_____is a kind of kinship usages.

1.Avoidance

2.Promiscuity

3.Incest Taboo

4.Seduction


Question:
______ equates functional analysis with sociological analysis

1.Kingsley Davis

2. Wilbert Moore

3.R.E. Park

4. Parsons


Question:
______ is a form of marriage in which men of lower caste marry women of superior caste.

1.Anuloma

2.Pratiloma

3.Levirate

4.Sororate


Question:
‘Style of life’ concept which attempts to explain culture integration was given by:

1.Hadden

2.Redcliffe Brown

3.Redfield

4.Linton


More MCQS

  1. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 1
  2. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 2
  3. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 3
  4. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 4
  5. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 6
  6. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 5
  7. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 7
  8. Indian Society-Introducing Indian Society Part 8
  9. Social Structure and change in India Part 2
  10. Social Structure and change in India Part 1
  11. Social Structure and change in India Part 3
  12. Sociology of Indian Society
  13. Social Work
  14. SOCIAL WORK MOCK TEST PAPER
  15. Sociology Objective Type question set 1
  16. Sociology Objective Type question set 2
  17. SOCIOLOGY MCQ QUESTION AMD ANSWER
  18. SOCIOLOGY MCQ QUESTION AMD ANSWER
  19. Sociology Questions & Answers for MA Entrance Exams
  20. Sociology Questions & Answers for M.PHIL Entrance Exams
  21. Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination SET - 1
  22. Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination SET - 2
  23. Sociology Questions and Answers for Civil Services Examination
  24. Sociology Questions and Answers for IAS Examination
  25. Sociology Questions and Answers for UGC-NET
  26. Sociology Questions and Answers for GK
Search
Olete Team
Online Exam TestTop Tutorials are Core Java,Hibernate ,Spring,Sturts.The content on Online Exam Testwebsite is done by expert team not only with the help of books but along with the strong professional knowledge in all context like coding,designing, marketing,etc!